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Effects Of Overpopulation On Earth

According to this study, coastal areas currently inhabited by 300 million people are set to experience annual flooding by 2050, unless measures are taken to hold back the water — a figure three times higher than previous estimates. If you want to learn more about overpopulation and its impact on the environment, refer to


There are several direct consequences of overpopulation:

  • Environmental degradation: 

Unbridled use of natural resources, as well as growth in energy production from coal, oil and natural gas (fossil fuels), is having a negative impact on the planet. Consequences number, on the one hand, deforestation and desertification, extinction of animal and plant species and changes in the water cycle and the most direct consequence of all in the form of emissions of large quantities of greenhouse gases leading to global warming.

  • Rising unemployment: 

On the other hand, a high number of workers exist for a limited number of vacancies and this seems destined to lead to high rates of joblessness in the future. This in turn could provoke rising crime and social revolt.

  • Rising living costs:

All the above will lead, at the end of the day, to increasing living costs in most countries. Fewer resources, less water, the packing of many people into confined spaces and a lack of money are provoking an increase in the cost of living whereby only a percentage of the population will be able to cover all their needs.

  • Technological advances: 

On the positive side, high concentrations of people in urban areas also bring with its research and development in the quest for solutions to the population’s needs. An example is the popularisation of communication technologies and the generation, collection and use of Big Data for sustainable ends, as well as the emergence of Smart Cities, adapted to ensure good living conditions for the increasing population.

These are some of the consequences of overpopulation. As you can see, the impact of overpopulation is tremendous. Overpopulation is one of the biggest challenges humanity is facing and threatens the near future of the planet in economic, environmental and social terms.