Corns and calluses are areas of thickened skin that occur to shield that location from stress and irritation. They can occur when something like a shoe rubs on the foot repeatedly or causes excessive pressure against an area of the foot. It is known as a callus commonly if the thickening of skin happens on the bottom of the foot. If thickening takes place on the top of the feet or toe it is usually referred to as a corn. However, there is lots of overlap between a corn and a callus. They're not contagious but tend to turn out to be painful if they become too thick. In individuals with diabetes this may lead to more serious foot problems, so that they have to be given serious attention.
Corns often occur when a toe rubs on inside of the footwear or there is a toe deformity. Excessive force on the balls of the foot, that is common in women who typically use high heel shoes might cause calluses to build up under the balls of the foot. Those with certain deformities of the foot, including hammer toes, claw toes, or bunions are prone to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses usually have a rough dull looking appearance. They are often raised or circular and without the right analysis, they can be not easy to distinguish from plantar warts. Should you have a corn or callus that is causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your everyday living then it is most likely best if you see a podiatrist. This really is a lot more important for those who have diabetes or poor blood circulation. The podiatrist will perform a thorough assessment of your feet along with your footwear and evaluate the way you walk to figure out exactly why you have the corns and callus. For moderate corns or calluses they might suggest varying your footwear and use padding in your shoes. If they are more substantial, then your podiatrist could cut down them with a surgical blade to cautiously and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments may be required if the corn or callus come back.